DNA Typing & Parentage Testing for Birds
Animal Genetics UK offers DNA Typing or profiling for pigeons using plucked feathers, blood or eggshell membrane as the source sample. Testing can be used for registration purposes, parentage/relationship verification, and for DNA data banking for positive identification of stolen birds.
DNA Profiling, also known as "DNA Fingerprinting" or "Genotyping" establishes a genetic code for each individual bird. This test does not determine breed type, rather, it identifies specific gene markers that are highly variable and inherited from both parents. Since 1992 Animal genetics and its avian division Avian Biotech International have tested over 1.5 million samples. Animal Genetics performs a wide range of assays including DNA typing, infectious disease screening, genetic disorders screening, coat colour identification and genetic sex identification.
Our panel for Avian DNA Typing is based on a panel of microsatallite markers we have set up. Our DNA profiles can be compared with other labs using the same set of markers and alphanumeric nomenclature.
DNA typing has an efficacy rate greater than 99.99% for detection of incorrectly assigned parentage. Our laboratories are staffed with highly experienced people who process thousands of DNA tests from the United States and around the world. Our crosschecking procedures for processing and recording ensure the highest level of accuracy and quality control.
Our panel is the largest standard pigeon STR marker panel in the industry. We have added an additional 2 markers to our initial panel bring the total to at least 8 Loci. Animal Genetics follows the standards set by the International Society of Animal Genetics (ISAG). Our pigeon DNA typing profile use a multiplex genetic STR marker panel, consisting of 8 Loci: PG1, PG2, PG3, PG4, PG5, PG6, PG7 and CHD Gender creating reliable results that are accepted throughout the world.
The DNA profile is presented to the customer in chart-form, and the universal markers we use conform to international standards, therefore can be cross-compared with marker-reports produced by other laboratories using the same methods.
For parentage testing, genetic matches between the DNA profiles of sampled birds are examined and evaluated. All conclusions are presented in writing shortly after testing is completed. Basic cock viability can be obtained using samples from both the offspring and the prospective cock. However, since a chick inherits 50% of its DNA from the hen and 50% from the cock, samples are required from both prospective parents in order to gain a 100% data match.
Example of report: "Avian Parentage Report"